The UK has an extensive and effective welfare system which is intended to provide for those who cannot provide for themselves. Begging is seen as undesirable against this context, as it can be intimidating for those they approach. In addition, it is dangerous, damaging and humiliating to those who beg and traps them in a cycle of poverty and deprivation. Beggars are among the most vulnerable people in our society – many of them are, or have been, rough sleepers and share the same complex set of problems, including high levels of mental ill-health and dependency on drugs or alcohol.
Begging has been made a criminal offence and some believe it may be related to other criminal activity. A problematic category of beggars are those who beg to sustain a drug habit which can result in a high incidence of this type of beggar in areas where drugs are traded on the street.
Begging is a very controversial issue and some commentators have spoken out against the steps the Home Office has taken in creating a recordable offence for begging. See the following article on the Crisis website:
Local agencies have schemes in place to manage begging, in addition to their enforcement powers. An arrest may provide an opportunity for an individual to engage with the arrest referral scheme and voluntarily accept a referral for appropriate treatment. People begging can be arrested and prosecuted under the following powers:
Community sentences can currently be imposed when the court considers that the offence is serious enough to warrant that penalty.
Under the Criminal Justice Act 2003, the courts can issue community sentences, rather than fines, to persistent offenders aged 16 or over, convicted a fourth time for an offence, where that offence would not otherwise have been serious enough to attract a community sentence. This may include community penalties for drug, alcohol and mental health treatment. In some cases it may be appropriate to use other civil measures, including injunctions under section 222 of the Local Government Act 1972 and anti-social behaviour orders.